Floating city of Tahiti

The idea may strike you absurd but imagine moving your house when your neighbour gets annoying, this is what will likely happen in a future upcoming city in the Pacific ocean.

The Pacific Ocean ? I also have questions just like you do  but get it right from us

The world’s first floating city is set to appear in the Pacific Ocean off the island of Tahiti.

The government of French Polynesia has signed a deal with Seasteading Institute to begin construction work in just two years.

It may seem like an illogical plan, by the group, SeaSteading Institute believes semi-independent cities would be the perfect place to try new modes of government and agricultural method. In an MOU signed on January 13, 2017,  The groundbreaking of the pilot project in Tahiti will take up.

The first city would be built on a network of 11 rectangular and five-sided platforms so the city could be rearranged according to its inhabitants’ needs like a floating jigsaw

Floating islands would feature aquaculture farms, health care, medical research facilities, and sustainable energy powerhouses.

It’s envisaged that between 250 and 300 people will call the first floating city home.

French Polynesia, a collection of 118 islands in the southern Pacific, is interested in the project as the area is at risk from rising sea levels.  and surrounding the city is a modular wave-breakers to prevent the city from waves and storms.

Here is a video to watch and share

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Tree – Glass House

You are probably reading this post from a capital city or minor cities across the globe, I can guess what you hate Traffic jams! Right ? We all want peace and comfortable life away from the hustle and bustle of the city.

A Kazakhstani architect  came up with a contemporary house design that has a mature fir tree enclosed at the centre of this conceptual tubular glass house

It was first designed in 2013 and before ground breaking the investors of the project pulled out. It features a completely glazed and cylindrical structure to give 360-degree-views of a forest setting.

A few years later a glass and solar panel manufacturer got interested,   according to Almassov, so construction could be imminent.

By the way, have you read about Our SMART FLOWER SOLAR PANELS?

The glazed walls and ceiling will reveal four narrow ring-shaped floors, as well as a spiralling white staircase that wraps around the trunk of the tree.

 

Glazed balustrades with wooden railings will surround the atrium

An entire glass shower cubicle mirrors the tubular form of the building, while other parts of the conceptual residence are seen dressed with freestanding furniture that follows the curving walls.

VIDEO

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Movable minimalist house

Great innovations in the building and construction industry come up each day , some are shocking some have that wow effect on you. If you’ve been keen enough I have been sharing a lot of such articles of late, From smart houses , to smart flower solar panels and today I hereby present to you the future of housing around the globe that is already being implemented in USA.

Kasita, Kasita is a latin word meaning “small house”.  It is the brainchild of a 42 year old professor living in the USA.  Mr wilson or popularly known as professor Dumpster after he sold all his property only to live in a dumpster. the name was then accrued to him.

Wilson, who is a former postdoctoral researcher at Harvard and IBM project manager, got the idea for Kasita after living in a dumpster for a year in 2014.

 

Meet Kasita ; The Micro-Housing Start-Up That's About To Revolutionize Real Estate

In his Quest to solve the housing crisis in America with seamlessly smart, beautiful and tiny house, the pre-fabricated homes can be assembled off-site and delivered to the client each Kasita slides into an engineered steel exo skeleton that can be built in under a week on any open lot in any city up to ten stories high.

Courtesy of Kasita

Kasita offers housing units that can sit by themselves or stack to form apartments. They can also sit on rooftops
... or they can sit on rooftops.

Since the units are so small,Since the units are so small, they are designed with space-saving storage. Drawers are located inside stairs.they are designed with space-saving storage. Drawers are located inside stairs.

State of the art kitchen

Across from the living room, there's a sleek kitchen.

The main Layout doubles up as the bedroom and the living room. The company is targeting a range of customers, including “urban millienials, upwardly mobile singles, the shrinking middle class, and retirees”.The main, open-layout space functions as both a living room and bedroom. In the model unit, a bed pulls out from the sofa (though the units come unfurnished).

The new Kasita is also larger, and features a host of smart tech integrations ranging from glass windows with adjustable transparency to Amazon voice controls, a Doorbird doorbell, and fancy water-conserving shower.

Kasita (a startup that gets its name from "casita," the Spanish word for "little house") sells tiny housing units that encourage a minimalist lifestyle.

Watch the interior design video below

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Futuristic Plastic Roads

Plastic roads are roads made either entirely of plastic or of composites of plastic with other materials. Plastic roads are different from standard roads in the respect that standard roads are made from asphalt concrete, which consists of mineral aggregates and asphalt. Currently, there are no records of regular roads made purely of plastic, although In India things are quite different .

The indian Government order in November 2015 has made it mandatory for all road developers in the country to use waste plastic, along with bituminous mixes, for road construction. This is to help overcome the growing problem of plastic waste disposal in India.Plastic composite roads, however, have existed and demonstrate characteristics superior to regular asphalt concrete roads; specifically, they show better wear resistance. The implementation of plastics in roads also opens a new option for recycling post consumer plastics.

Back in India, The plastic composite roads is not an ideal method, since the plastic is not exploited for all of its properties. So far, no large scale,  methodical approach has been employed to build roads entirely of plastics.

Imagine that constructing a road would take days instead of months. That roads would last three times as long. That maintenance and traffic disruption are things of the past. And that cable and piping problems as well as the urban water problem are solved overnight.

This may sound like a scenario in the distant future, but nothing could be further from the truth. An innovative concept proposed by a Dutch company, Volkerwessels, aims to create roads entirely of recycled plastic. Every component of the Plastic Road is being designed to make its application completely circular, with the goal of using recycled plastic as much as possible.

The Plastic Road concept consists of a prefabricated, modular and hollow road structure made from (recycled) plastic. The prefabricated production, the light weight and the modular design of the Plastic Road make construction and maintenance faster, simpler and more efficient compared to traditional road structures

The Plastic Road has a hollow space that can be used to (temporarily) store water, thus preventing flooding during extreme precipitation. The hollow space can also be used for the transit of cables and pipes, thus preventing excavation damages.

Plastic-bitumen composite roads have better wear resistance than standard asphalt concrete roads. They do not absorb water, have better flexibility which results in less rutting and less need for repair. Road surfaces remain smooth, are lower maintenance, and absorb sound better.

Volkerwessels in conjunction with total and KWS  are currently working hard on the business case and is investigating the best way to produce the Plastic Road. The development of a first prototype will start soon. Once the Plastic Road meets all the technical, environmental and safety requirements, a pilot installation will be built to perform practical tests.

The expected lifetime of the Plastic Road is two to three times as long as that of traditional road paving.

The expected construction time of a new road will be reduced by approximately 70%

The Plastic Road is four times as light as a traditional road structure

The Plastic Road is 100% circular and is made from recycled plastic as much as possible.

 

Next time we zero in on Permeable roads  Thank you for reading .

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SmartFlower Solar Panels !

The Smart Flower’s name comes from its design – the solar cells are arranged on individual “petals” that open at the beginning of each day. After the sun goes down, the Smart Flower’s petals fold up and a self-cleaning process kicks in.

In addition to solar cells, the Smartflower system contains a dual-axis tracker that makes it possible for its “petals” to follow the sun across the sky throughout the day. Thanks to this tracking capability, the Smartflower can produce significantly more electricity than a similarly-sized rooftop solar panel system – up to 51 percent more, according to Smartflower’s website. The 12-petal, 194 square-foot structure comes with 2.5 kilowatts (kW) of electricity production, which is equivalent to a 4 kW fixed rooftop array.

There are two versions of the Smartflower available in the U.S., both of which are manufactured in Austria: the Smartflower and the Smartflower-Plus. The Smartflower-Plus offers energy storage capabilities via an integrated battery in addition to the standard solar electricity generation that the Smartflower offers.

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LIVING TOMORROW IN SMART HOMES

Home automation or smart home also known as domotics is building automation for the home. It involves the control and automation of lighting, heating (such as smart thermostats), ventilation, air conditioning and security,a s well as home appliances.

The word “domotics” is a contraction of the Latin word for a home “domus” and the words informatics, telematics and robotics.

The integration of technology and services for a better quality of life.

There are 3 generations of home automation/ domotics

  • First generation: wireless technology with proxy server
  • Second generation: artificial intelligence controls electrical devices
  • Third generation: robot buddy who interacts with humans

From the point of view of where the intelligence of the domotic system resides, there are three different architectures:

Centralized Architecture: a centralized controller receives information of multiple sensors and, once processed, generates the opportune orders for the actuators.

Distributed Architecture: all the intelligence of the system is distributed by all the modules that are sensors or actuators. Usually it is typical of the systems of wiring in bus.

Mixed Architecture: systems with decentralized architecture as far as which they have several small devices able to acquire and to process the information of multiple sensors and to transmit them to the rest of devices distributed by the house.

APPLICATION 

  •  Heating, ventilation and air conditioning : it is possible to have remote control of all home energy monitors over the internet incorporating a simple and friendly user interface.
  • Lighting control system
  • Occupancy-aware control system: it is possible to sense the occupancy of the home using smart meters and environmental sensors like CO2 sensors,  which can be integrated into the building automation system to trigger automatic responses for energy efficiency and building comfort applications.
  • Appliance control and integration system  with the smart grid and a smart meter, taking advantage, for instance, of high solar panel output in the middle of the day to run washing machines.
  • Security system : a household security system integrated with a home automation system can provide additional services such as remote surveillance of security cameras over the Internet, or central locking of all perimeter doors and windows.
  • Leak detection, smoke and CO detectors      ALSO READ :   Fire protection and Detection systems
  • Indoor positioning systems
  • Home automation for the elderly and disabled  

The interconnection is either wireless (WiFi and Infra red) or by wire, however home automation does not guarantee 100% security it  is vulnerable to hacking.

Watch the video of a home automated house

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PAVEMENT DEFECTS – POTHOLES !

A pothole is a structural failure in a road surface, caused by failure primarily in asphalt pavement due to the presence of water in the underlying soil structure and the presence of traffic passing over the affected area.

They are caused by the expansion and contraction of ground water after the water has entered into the ground under the pavement. When water freezes, it expands. This same effect happens when water gets into the ground under the pavement. If it has a chance to freeze, it will take up more space under the pavement, and the asphalt pavement will expand, bend, and crack, which weakens the material pavement. Then when ice melts, the pavement contracts and leaves gaps or voids in the subsoil under the pavement, where water can get in and be trapped. If the water freezes and thaws over and over, the pavement will weaken and continue cracking

Potholes may result from four main causes:

1. Insufficient pavement thickness to support traffic during freeze/thaw periods without localized failures
2. Insufficient drainage
3. Failures at utility trenches and castings (manhole and drain casings)
4. Pavement defects and cracks left unmaintained and unsealed so as to admit moisture and compromise the structural integrity of the pavement.

Prevention

To avoid pothole formation in existing pavements the following are the methods

1. Surveying of pavements for risk factors

2. Providing adequate drainage structures – Drainage structures, including ditching and sewers, are essential for removing water from pavements.

3. Preventative maintenance – maintaining pavement structural integrity with thickness and continuity to the mix of preventing water penetration and promoting water migration away from the roadway. Maintenance includes

 a ] Crack Treatments

Consist of placing specialized materials into prepared cracks to prevent the intrusion of water through the crack into the underlying pavement structure.

      • Slow pavement deterioration
      • Slow crack spalling
      • Reduce potholes

Crack Sealing


b] Fog Seals

A light application of a diluted slow-setting asphalt emulsion to the surface of an aged pavement surface.

      • Help prevent water intrusion
      • Slow pavement deterioration
      • Improves aggregate retention

Fog Seal


c] Chip Seals

A thin surface treatment that combines one or more layer(s) of asphalt with one or more layer(s) of fine aggregate.

      • Help prevent water intrusion
      • Fill and seal pavement distresses
      • Minimizes reflective cracking

Chip Seal


d ] Microsurfacing

A thin surface treatment that combines a layer of asphalt emulsion and finely crushed stone.

        • Help prevent water intrusion
        • Corrects minor rutting
        • Fast set and cure times 

    4. Utility cut management -a permitting process for utility cuts with specifications that avoid loss of structural continuity of pavements and flaws or failures that allow water penetration

  1. REPAIR

  2. Patching is the process of filling potholes or excavated areas in the asphalt pavement. Quick repair of potholes or other pavement disintegration helps control further deterioration and expensive repair of the pavement. Without timely patching, water can enter the subgrade and cause larger and more serious pavement failures
  3. Temporary patching is reserved for weather conditions that are not favorable to a more permanent solution and usually uses a cold mix asphalt patching compound placed in an expedient manner to temporarily restore pavement smoothness.
  4. Semi-permanent patching uses more care in reconstructing the perimeter of the failed area to blend with the surrounding pavement and usually employs a hot-mix asphalt fill above replacement of appropriate base materials.
  5. Materials for patching include hot mix asphalt, asphalt emulsion mixes, stockpile patching mixes, and proprietary patching mixes with special blends of aggregate and modified binders.
  6. Repair techniques; throw-and-roll, semi-permanent, spray injection, and edge seal 
  7. THROW -AND -ROLL REPAIR 

    Throw-and-roll method as the most basic method, best used as a temporary repair under conditions when it is difficult to control the placement of material, such as winter-time. It consists of:

    1. Placing the hot or cold patch material into a pothole
    2. Compacting the patch with a vehicle, such as a truck
    3. Achieving a crown on the compacted patch of between 3 and 6 mm

    This method is widely used due to its simplicity and speed

SEMI PERMANENT REPAIR

semi-permanent repair method as one of the best for repairing potholes, short of full-depth roadway replacement. It consists of:

1. Removing water and debris from the pothole
2. Making clean cuts along the sides of prospective patch area to assure that vertical sides of the repair are in sound pavement recommend
3. Placing the hot or cold patch mix material
4. Compacting the patch with a device that is smaller than the patch area, e.g. vibratory rollers or a vibratory plate
While this repair procedure provides durable results, it requires more labor and is more equipment-intensive than the throw-and-roll or the spray-injection procedure.

 

SPRAY INJECTION 

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Intercontinental China Coming Soon !

The architects behind Burj Al Arab designed a hotel in Shanghai China, The intercontinental shimao wonderland has 19 stories, 17 of which are below the ground level.
Two of the floors are above the 90-100 meter deep quarry.The abandoned quarry will be partially filled with water to create an artificial lake.
The project would include facilities for extreme sports, a visitor centre and a five-star hotel with some underwater rooms.
Extreme sports such as rock climbing and bungee jumping will be based on a structure which is cantilevered from the rock face.
The bottom two floors of the hotel will be below ground and will boast a glass-walled aquarium.
Construction is currently underway and the project might be handed over in 2018

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