Roofing Systems and solutions

I have been arguing with other builders and roof experts which roofing system is the most beautiful, They all have different opinions or rather tastes and preferences. This article is inspired by them!

Here is all you need to know about roofing systems and factors to consider when choosing the type of roofing, but before that

The roof is the covering on the uppermost part of a building or shelter which provides protection from animals and weather, notably rain or snow, but also heat, wind and sunlight. Roofing also denotes the framework that supports that covering.

Roof systems and materials generally are divided into

  1.  Low pitched roofs.
  2. High pitched roofs.

-Low pitched roofing includes water impermeable, or weatherproof, types of roof membranes installed on slopes less than or equal to  15°

-High pitched roofing includes water shedding types of roof coverings installed on slopes exceeding  15°

TYPES OF PITCHED ROOFS

Gabled roofing 

The roof slopes around a triangular extension of the end wall. This piece of wall is the gable. 
 
Hipped  Roofing
A  hipped roof, is a type of roof where all sides slope downwards to the walls, usually with a fairly gentle slope. Thus a hipped roof house has no gables or other vertical sides to the roof. 
A square hip roof is shaped like a pyramid.
Shed -ROOFING 
This simple roof has only one slope. It is commonly used on lean-to structures, such as additions. 
Mansard
A modified version of the pitched roof that creates a spacious living area in the roof space. a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof characterized by two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope, punctured by dormer windows, at a steeper angle than the upper 

 

Low-pitched  roofing 
There are five types of low slope roof membranes or systems. 

  • Built-up roof (BUR) membranes
  • Metal panel roof systems for low-slope applications
  • Polymer-modified bitumen sheet membranes
  • Single-ply membranes
    • Thermoplastic membranes (e.g., PVC, TPO)
    • Thermoset membranes (e.g., EPDM)
  • Spray polyurethane foam-based (SPF) roof systems

Most low-pitched roof membranes have three principal components:

  • Weatherproofing layer or layers — the weatherproofing component is the most important element because it keeps water from entering a roof assembly.
  • Reinforcement — reinforcement adds strength, puncture resistance and dimensional stability to a membrane.
  • Surfacing — surfacing is the component that protects the weatherproofing and reinforcement from sunlight and weather. Some surfacings provide other benefits such as increased fire resistance, improved traffic and hail resistance, and increased solar reflectivity.

With some roof membranes, a component may perform more than one function.

High pitched 

There are divisions of high pitched roof coverings.

  • Asphalt shingles
  • Clay tile and concrete tile
  • Metal roof systems for steep-slope applications
  • Slate
  • Wood shakes and wood shingles
  • Synthetic

Steep-slope roof systems typically are composed of individual pieces or components installed in shingle fashion. Steep-slope roof assemblies typically consist of three primary parts:

  • Roof deck — a roof deck is the structural substrate and usually is a wood-based material such as plywood or oriented strand board (OSB).
  • Underlayment — underlayment provides temporary protection until a roof covering is installed and provides a secondary weatherproofing barrier. Sometimes underlayment is referred to as “felt” or “paper.”
  • Roof covering — the roof covering is the external water shedding material.
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Tips of A perfect kitchen

Hi, guys welcome back to our blog, today we I serve up my top tips and considerations to help you create the perfect kitchen design. Keep reading get familiar 

COLOURED CABINETS 

Don’t be afraid to go for bold colour on your kitchen cabinets – mid- to deep greys, blue tones and even shades of peppermint or sage green make great alternatives. If your walls are white, don’t go for white cupboards too; it’s a missed opportunity to inject a little more personality into your space. Of course, a dark hue is also a lot more forgiving where sticky fingers are concerned! I recommend asking your carpenter to have cabinet doors coated with a satin two-pack painted finish in your favourite shade (they’ll be able to match any colour). This is a very hardy paint finish, ensuring a sleek look which is robust and super easy to wipe clean. 

Colour blocking in the kitchen is great way to bring in colour without being overwhelming. Adding a feature row of contrasting cabinetry in colour or timber grain instantly transforms a plain kitchen into a dual-toned space with depth and unique visual appeal

THE KITCHEN TRIANGLE

The Kitchen Triangle refers to the positioning of the three most important features in any kitchen – the fridge, cooktop and sink.Make sure you have the ‘triangle of efficiency’ in place. Your journey from the countertop workspace, to the stove, and to the sink should not be too big or have obstacles in the way.

The Kitchen Triangle In this U-shaped kitchen, the amount of traffic is minimised and the main w ork zones are kept handy. Other kitchen layouts will always benefit from well-considered placements of fridge, cooker and sink.

You also need to consider things like the placement of windows and doors, ceiling heights, high-traffic areas, as well as making the most of natural light.

 STORAGE AND ACCESSIBILITY 

Storage will usually be a combination of under-bench cabinets, overhead wall cabinets and tall cabinets, with either drawers or doors

items can be put away or stored out of sight, the kitchen will be a much better place to work. Go through all the things you have in your cupboards and then work out where they would best be placed in the new kitchen: oils and spices near the cooktop, baking trays near the oven, platters and chopping boards near the workspace, and access to dinnerware and cutlery away from the work zone so others can assist in setting the table or dishing up.

For difficult corners, there are some amazing pull-out and slide-out options, and tall slide-out pantries work a treat for narrow spaces.

Don’t forget to use the height of your room. Tall cabinets may be hard to get to on a daily basis, but they offer great storage

 BENCHTOPS: 

Benchtops come in a range of looks, from price-conscious laminate to hardwearing man-made stone surfaces in a wide range of colours, textures and widths; from natural stones such as marble and granite, to synthetic surfaces that can offer the look of no joins. Think which one works best for your needs, your overall design and your budget.

KITCHEN APPLIANCES 

Coloured appliances are an ideal way to make a strong design statement, adding contrast, interest and style to the kitchen. I’m a fan of putting my appliances on show and love the appearance of stainless steel, but there are also many options for integrated appliances. Whatever look you go for, spending wisely on quality appliances will make even the smallest and most budget-conscious of kitchens sparkle.

THE SINK 

Sinks come in many forms and differing qualities, so be careful when buying that cheap sink-and-tap deal, as the stainless steel will scratch and tarnish quickly. The double-bowl undermount is the sink of choice, providing two deep bowls with a clean, under-benchtop look. The downside is they have no drain board, but some come with drop-in cutting boards and separate drain boards.

Avoid placing your sink on the island bench, especially if you are a drip-dryer, because a messy island bench makes for a messy looking house. Alternatively, build up the bench around the sink to hide the mess.”

THE KITCHEN SPACE 

When planning a kitchen, it’s important to give careful consideration to how the space will be used. Some questions need to be answered, like ‘Do you want people in the kitchen with you while you are cooking?’ and ‘Do you want people sitting on the other side of the bar talking to you while you cook?’ How a kitchen should function is a personal matter, and your kitchen design should reflect that

 

Those are just few kitchen tips to consider when building or buying a house.  For any queries drop us an email

info@constructionweb.co.ke 

 

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Window Treatments

Window treatment, is an interior decoration for a window or a window frame.

In addition to providing privacy, window treatments serve two other primary functions: controlling temperature and controlling light in a room. For starters, most window treatments can be classified as either blinds or shades.

Blinds are technically hard window treatments composed of movable slats that can be tilted opened or closed when the blind is lowered. Shades are raised or lowered by a cording system or a spring component.Blinds and shades are fully customizable, offer complete light and privacy control and have an endless variety of design choices and options. So many choices, so little time!

 

Wood Blinds 

Wood blinds are a classic choice for windows and outlast trends or styles. Made of real wood, using various grains and stains, wood blinds remain durable through the years. The warm look of wood blinds pairs well with other wood furniture, flooring and trim.

Faux wood blinds have the same look as real wood, but are more affordable window treatments because they’re made out of PVC, vinyl or composite wood material. Faux wood blinds are also moisture resistant, making them a great choice for kitchens and bathrooms where real wood would otherwise warp and crack.

Faux Wood blind

ROMAN SHADES 

Roman shades consist of one continuous piece of fabric, featuring horizontal folds down the length of the shade. These folds lay flat against the window when down but fold up nicely when raised, combining the soft look of fabric drapery with the functionality of a shade.With roman shades, there are options galore to choose from like top down, bottom up or cordless or thermal liners.

Roman shades combine functionality with the soft appearance of drapery.

SOLAR SHADE  

Solar shades are also known as “window sunglasses” for their opaque design that allows you to preserve your outside view while also providing considerable light control and UV rays 

HONEYCOMB SHADES 

Cellular shades/Honeycomb shades  are the best insulators of all energy-efficient window treatments. They get their name and insulating properties from their fabric honeycomb cells that trap air between the window and the room. This results in heat gain in the cold seasons and heat loss in the hot seasons.

ROLLER SHADES 

Roller shades are one of the most affordable options when it comes to covering your windows. These shades roll up neatly onto a tube, making them appear minimal and discreet when raised. With blackout and light-filtering options, you can choose the amount of light control that you wish for any given room.

Roller Windows

DRAPERY

Drapery adds style and elegance to your home while also providing functional light control and privacy. Panels hang vertically from hardware at the top to your desired window treatment length.

Available in many different styles, fabrics, colors and patterns, you can easily coordinate drapery to layer with any existing window treatments or simply use panels only.CURRENT TRENDS IN WINDOW TREATMENTS 

Window treatments have come a long way in the past few decades. ‘Top down bottom up shades‘ can be raised and lowered at the same time to create a clerestory effect. This can provide privacy at eye level while letting in daylight and views of the sky. Cordless blinds are important for safety in houses with children and pets, and motorized shades can be operated with a wall switch or a remote.
Shades can be automated through an iPad, iPhone, or Android device and programmed to open and shut with the rising and setting of the sun. Shades can also be connected to existing home automation systems so you can control whether they’re up or down even when you’re away from home. Today’s high-tech window treatments can even be connected to temperature sensors so when the sun is at its hottest and the temperature goes up inside, the shades will automatically come down. Automating and programming shades greatly increases their energy efficiency value because you can close them during peak hours of heat loss or heat gain and open them back up when peak hours have passed. Motorized window treatments also have a longer life-span because they are not tugged at or touched when being operated.

 

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